Adapted from the trip report of Bryce Malsbary
|Coffee co-op member shows off his newly harvested coffee beans|
Per capita income in Haiti is less than $900. At one point in time prior to the 1950’s, Haiti was the third largest coffee producer in the world. Haiti coffee production continued to decline since then as a result of political instability, plant disease, and environmental factors. Partners of Americas and USAID are implementing F2F development projects in an effort to strengthen coffee cooperative capacity and revive the Haiti coffee industry.
ATD and CACEMUD are two coffee cooperatives created in 2012. Both cooperatives have very similar issues, primarily lack of capital to buy member production and limited member production capacity to meet the market demand for green coffee. CACEMUD has had difficulty over the last 3 years and, in 2014, was not able to buy or sell any member produce. ATD has shown steady growth over the last 4 years and projections indicate that both production yield and sales profits will increase at a steady rate through 2020. However, the challenge for both of these cooperatives will be how to generate additional capital and improve coffee production yield.
This F2F assignment is to focus on developing a business plan and identifying some tangible and achievable strategies which will provide some direction where CACEMUD and ATD can measure performance toward goal achievement. The purpose of developing a business plan and identifying some strategies is to advance CACEMUD and ATD to the next level of performance. This document will be used as an introduction to improve financing possibilities and acquaint prospective buyers with each cooperatives’ quality product, their projected production yield, and anticipated growth potential.
Upon my arrival to Cap Haitian on Sunday October 23, meetings were schedule with both CACEMUD and ATD coffee cooperatives for the next two weeks of my assignment. The first two meetings with both of these groups were with at least 3 board members in a meeting room in the hotel where I was staying. During the meetings, we discussed some of the major challenges each cooperative faced and reviewed the objectives of my assignment. We also agreed to draft a mission, vision and conducted a SWOT analysis to get a better idea of the cooperatives current status with regard to strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. The mission, vision and the results of the SWOT analysis were drafted by the volunteer utilizing the input obtained from the board discussions. Once drafted, however, a meeting with the cooperative members was scheduled for both cooperatives to review and allow feedback and input.
|F2F volunteer Bryce Malsbarry (right), reviews with revenue records with|
I also travelled to Dondon where the two cooperatives were located and visited their existing facilities and some of the seedling areas. There, I reviewed with the hosts a second draft of the mission, vision, and SWOT analysis and began collecting data to build their business plan. We also identified 5 goals that the board wanted to achieve over the next several years. During the final week of the assignment, we held focus group member meetings where we reviewed the mission, vision, SWOT results and discussed cooperative components, the benefits of a cooperative, developed the member values for each cooperative, and obtained member concurrence that the goals identified by the board were reasonable and achievable. The agenda for the focus groups also included some training and discussion on the components and benefits of an agriculture cooperative, board of directors and member responsibilities, and a review of why cooperatives succeed or fail.
A meaningful business plan was developed that both cooperatives can utilize to establish financial relationship with lending institutions and instill confidence that each co-op is operating effectively and efficiently. Also the goals each co-op has identified can be achieved if they follow the format outline I discussed with them.
On his assignment, Bryce says, “I enjoyed this assignment and am appreciative of Stessy [the F2F field officer] and Benito’s [the F2F Country Coordinator] guidance and historical perspective to help me better understand some of the issues not only facing the two cooperatives but Haiti in general. The farmers face many challenges but have a determination that I believe will advance them forward into a higher coffee producing nation as they have been in years past.”